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Electricity

Static Electricity

Static electricity, protons, flannel, dry hair, different materials

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>  Charging by Contact

>  Coulomb's Law

>  Charging by Induction

Static electricity can be produced by rubbing together two objects made of different materials. Electrons move from the surface of one object to the surface of the other if the second material holds onto its electrons more strongly than the first does. The object that gains electrons becomes negatively charged, since it now has more electrons than protons. The object that gives up electrons becomes positively charged. For example, if a nylon comb is run through clean, dry hair, some of the electrons on the hair are transferred to the comb. The comb becomes negatively charged and the hair becomes positively charged. The following materials are named in decreasing order of their ability to hold electrons: rubber, silk, glass, flannel, and fur (or hair). If any two of these materials are rubbed together, the material earlier in the list becomes negative, and the material later in the list becomes positive. The materials should be clean and dry.



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Static electricity, protons, flannel, dry hair, different materials, silk, fur, rubber, surface, positive, ability, objects, glass, example, list

 
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