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Chemical Elements

Vanadium

Andres Manuel del Rio, Scandinavian mythology, transition elements, Vanadis, goddess of beauty

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>  Properties and Occurence

Vanadium, symbol V, silver-white metallic element with an atomic number of 23. Vanadium is one of the transition elements of the periodic table. It was discovered in 1801 in Mexico by Andres Manuel del Rio, but it was mistaken for a form of chromium. Vanadium was rediscovered in about 1830 by the Swedish chemist Nils Gabriel Sefstrom. The element was named for Vanadis, goddess of beauty and love in Scandinavian mythology.

Uses

Because of its hardness and great tensile strength, the metal is used in many alloys such as ferrovanadium, nickel vanadium, and chrome vanadium. Chrome-vanadium steels are used in the production of springs and in transmission gears and other engine parts. Titanium-vanadium alloys are used for missile cases, jet-engine housings, and nuclear-reactor components. As a catalyst, vanadium has largely replaced platinum in the manufacture of sulfuric acid and is employed widely as a photographic developer, as a reducing agent, and as a drying agent in various paints.



Article key phrases:

Andres Manuel del Rio, Scandinavian mythology, transition elements, Vanadis, goddess of beauty, reducing agent, chrome vanadium, drying agent, atomic number, periodic table, Vanadium, transmission gears, catalyst, hardness, engine parts, platinum, Mexico, metal, Uses

 
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