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Chemical Elements

Mercury (element)

atomic number of mercury, transition elements, metallic element, liquid silver, planet Mercury

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Mercury (element), symbol Hg, Latin, hydrargyrum, “liquid silver,” metallic element that is a free-flowing liquid at room temperature. Mercury is one of the transition elements of the periodic table. The atomic number of mercury is 80.

Mercury, once known as liquid silver and as quicksilver, was known to ancient civilizations, and no single individual is credited with having discovered it. It was studied by the alchemists. It was first distinguished as an element by French chemist Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, who burned mercury and other substances in his experiments to determine the composition of air. The element was named after the planet Mercury.



Article key phrases:

atomic number of mercury, transition elements, metallic element, liquid silver, planet Mercury, composition of air, alchemists, periodic table, hydrargyrum, ancient civilizations, quicksilver, room temperature, experiments, element, substances

 
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