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Holmium, rare earth metals, atomic weight, atomic number, rare earths

Holmium, symbol Ho, silver-colored metallic element with an atomic number of 67. Holmium is one of the most paramagnetic substances known. The element has few practical applications, though it has been used in some electronic devices and as a catalyst in industrial chemical reactions.

Holmium was discovered in 1878 by the Swiss chemists Jacques Louis Soret and Marc Delafontaine, and, independently, by the Swedish chemist Per Teodor Cleve in 1879. Cleve named the element after his native city of Stockholm, Sweden (the latinized name of Stockholm is Holmia).

Holmium is one of the least abundant of the rare earth metals, ranking 55th in order of abundance of the elements in Earth's crust. Holmium has an atomic weight of 164.93. It melts at about 1474C (about 2685F), boils at about 2700C (about 4892F), and has a specific gravity of 8.8. Holmium occurs in gadolinite and other minerals containing rare earths. Holmium oxide, Ho2O3, a grayish-white powder, and a few salts, such as the sulfate, have been prepared.

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Holmium, rare earth metals, atomic weight, atomic number, rare earths, specific gravity, sulfate, practical applications, catalyst, crust, electronic devices, salts, minerals, element, symbol, Sweden, elements

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